Actor Chris Bowen provides a short overview of the symptoms associated with malaria. More episodes.


Script:

What are the signs and symptoms of malaria?

Symptoms of malaria include fever and flu-like illness, including shaking, chills, headache, muscle aches, and tiredness. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhoea may also occur. Malaria may cause anaemia and jaundice (yellow colouring of the skin and eyes) because of the loss of red blood cells. If not promptly treated, the infection can become severe and may cause kidney failure, seizures, mental confusion, coma, and death.

How soon will a person feel sick after being bitten by an infected mosquito?

For most people, symptoms begin 10 days to 4 weeks after infection, although a person may feel ill as early as 7 days or as late as 1 year later. Two kinds of malaria, P. vivax and P. ovale, can occur again which is known as relapsing malaria.

How do I know if I have malaria for sure?

Most people, at the beginning of the disease, have fever, sweats, chills, headaches, malaise, muscles aches, nausea, and vomiting. Malaria can very rapidly become a severe and life-threatening disease. The surest way for you and your health-care provider to know whether you have malaria is to have a diagnostic test where a drop of your blood is examined under the microscope for the presence of malaria parasites.


More:

With malaria, there are three types of infection. They are as follows:

Not Infected Asymptomatic: These people do not have malaria and do not exhibit any symptoms associated with the disease. As such, these people are typically subject to control and preventative measures such as LLINs or IRS.

Infected Asymptomatic: These individuals are infected with malaria but do not exhibit any symptoms associated with the disease. Therefore, they are a transmission reservoir and are often ignored by health programs.

Infected Symptomatic: These individuals are infected with malaria and exhibit malaria symptoms. As such, they should be tested for the disease (RDT) and provided with relevant treatment (ACT).

In the last category, infected symptomatic, individuals will typically exhibit the following symptoms:

  • Shaking
  • Chills
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches
  • Tiredness
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhoea

Malaria may cause:

  • anaemia
  • jaundice (yellow colouring of skin and eyes) due to loss of red blood cells.

If not promptly treated, the infection may become severe and cause:

  • kidney failure
  • seizures
  • mental confusion
  • coma
  • death.

Symptoms are typically exhibited between ten days to four weeks after infection, although a person may feel ill as early as seven days or as late as one year later. Two kinds of malaria, P. vivax and P. ovale, can occur again which is known as relapsing malaria.