Actor Chris Bowen provides a short overview of the symptoms associated with malaria. More episodes.

With malaria, there are three types of infection. They are as follows:

Not Infected Asymptomatic: These people do not have malaria and do not exhibit any symptoms associated with the disease. As such, these people are typically subject to control and preventative measures such as LLINs or IRS.

Infected Asymptomatic: These individuals are infected with malaria but do not exhibit any symptoms associated with the disease. Therefore, they are a transmission reservoir and are often ignored by health programs.

Infected Symptomatic: These individuals are infected with malaria and exhibit malaria symptoms. As such, they should be tested for the disease (RDT) and provided with relevant treatment (ACT).

In the last category, infected symptomatic, individuals will typically exhibit the following symptoms:

  • Shaking
  • Chills
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches
  • Tiredness
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhoea

Malaria may cause:

  • anaemia
  • jaundice (yellow colouring of skin and eyes) due to loss of red blood cells.

If not promptly treated, the infection may become severe and cause:

  • kidney failure
  • seizures
  • mental confusion
  • coma
  • death.

Symptoms are typically exhibited between ten days to four weeks after infection, although a person may feel ill as early as seven days or as late as one year later. Two kinds of malaria, P. vivax and P. ovale, can occur again which is known as relapsing malaria.