Malaria questions, answered by us.
Malaria is an infectious disease transmitted by mosquitoes. It is most prevalent in Africa, where more than 90% of cases occur. There are several types of malaria that can infect humans, the two most common are P. falciparum and P. vivax.
Malaria is caused by the single-celled Plasmodium parasite which requires both the Anopheles mosquito and a human host to complete its lifecycle.
Malaria is transmitted by mosquitoes. However, only the Anopheles mosquito – and only females of that genus – can transmit the disease.
Once diagnosed, a malaria infection can be treated using antimalarial drugs. The disease can also be prevented by taking drugs before bitten by a malaria-infected mosquito. Travellers to malaria-endemic areas will be advised to take drugs before, during and after their trip.
In Africa, in areas of high transmission, children under the age of 5 are given a monthly dose of an antimalarial drug during the malaria season. This is known as seasonal malaria chemoprevention.
From gene-editing to Artificial Intelligence (AI), we explore pertinent issues concerning the modern-day fight against malaria.